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Apakah Wanita Bebas dari Tanggungan Nafkah?

Mesothelioma is a form of cancer which occurs in thin membranes (called the mesothelium) lining the chest, lungs, abdomen and sometimes the heart. Although quite rare, mesothelioma symptoms strike more than 200 people each year in the United States. The majority of mesothelioma cases are directly linked to asbestos exposure. Because of the long latency period of mesothelioma, the average age of patients is between 50 and 70 years. Mesothelioma affects men most due to the high exposure of asbestos in industrial typed jobs. Mesothelioma symptoms include respiratory problems, shortness of breath, continual cough and pneumonia. Other mesothelioma symptoms include weight loss, abdominal problems and swelling. In some mesothelioma patients, the mesothelioma symptoms are quite muted, making it hard for mesothelioma doctors to diagnose. Mesothelioma doctors specialize in the study, research, and treatments of Mesothelioma cancers. Mesothelioma (or the cancer of the mesothelium) is a disease in which cells become abnormal and replicate without control. During Mesothelioma, these cells will invade and damage tissues and organs. Mesothelioma cancer cells can spread throughout the body causing death. Mesothelioma treatments and Mesothelioma clinical trials and tests There are many mesothelioma treatment options available. Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy and the mesothelioma treatment depends on the patient’s age, general health and stage of the cancer. There has been much mesothelioma research conducted throughout the past two years to find new treatment methods. Click here to read more about mesothelioma treatment techniques. Through mesothelioma research, The National Cancer Institute has sponsored mesothelioma tests and clinical trials that are designed to find new treatment methods. Because of the increase in number of mesothelioma cases in the United States, both governments have increased funding for mesothelioma research. Mesothelioma research and clinical trials have been successful in developing new techniques to fight this cancer and the outlook for more advanced mesothelioma treatments is promising. Surgery is the most common treatment method for malignant mesothelioma. Tissues and linings affected by mesothelioma are removed by the doctor and may include the lung or even diaphragm. A second mesothelioma treatment method is radiation therapy through the use of high energy x-rays that kill the cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be outside or inside the body. A third mesothelioma treatment method is chemotherapy. Through pills or drugs through needles, chemotherapy drugs are used to kill cancer cells. A new mesothelioma treatment method is called intraoperative photodynamic therapy. In this treatment, light and drugs are used to kill cancer cells during surgery for early stages of mesothelioma in the chest. Although there are numerous treatments and drugs for mesothelioma, doctors are losing the battle against this deadly disease. Most mesothelioma treatments involve old techniques combined with different drug cocktails. However, in most cases, these mesothelioma treatments have many side effects including organ damage, nausea, increase in heart failure etc. The rush to find a more effective mesothelioma treatment or even cure is ongoing at numerous clinical labs across the nation. Let's hope that the mesothelioma treatments will one day erradicate mesothelioma cancer and asbestosis. With an abundance of information on the Internet, Mesothelioma Cancer and Asbestos ([http://www.mesothelioma-cancer-and-asbestos.com]) has consolidated the most important issues surrounding Mesothelioma, Mesothelioma doctors and symptoms, Mesothelioma treatment, Mesothelioma research and tests. At [http://www.mesothelioma-cancer-and-asbestos.com], the website contains useful resources on Mesothelioma lawyers and attorneys, as well as causes by asbestos exposure, asbestos removal, asbestos attorneys and lawsuits, and asbestos cancer. Patients stricken by Mesothelioma and their families require support and current information. Mesothelioma Online Resources hopes to educate and give hope to survivors and victims. Mesothelioma is such a harsh disease. Not only does it take years for symptoms to appear, but there are limited treatements and drugs that will prolong the lives of workers stricken with mesothelioma. In many cases, the death rate of mesothelioma is unfortunately very high. However, with increased funding in mesothelioma research through the government and private grants, the outlook for a mesothelioma cure is quite possible. In the meantime, mesothelioma support groups and local discussions provide the ongoing support for mesothelioma patients. Mesothelioma Cancer and Asbestos ([http://www.mesothelioma-cancer-and-asbestos.com])is your source for mesothelioma and asbestos information, treatments, clinical trials, attorneys, support groups and lawyers. About the website: Michael Kenneth is a successful Internet Publisher and has researched and written on many topics for [http://www.mesothelioma-cancer-and-asbestos.com] - your complete source for mesothelioma information, mesothelioma attorneys and lawyers, mesothelioma treatments and research, asbestos exposure and removal, asbestos attorneys and legislation as well as asbestos cancer.

Apakah Wanita Bebas dari Tanggungan Nafkah?


 
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SAAT ini banyak wanita yang berkarir atau bekerja. Selain bentuk ekspresi dan aktualisasi diri, sebagian dari mereka turut membantu perekonomian keluarga.Bahkan ada pula yang mengambil tanggung jawab tersebut karena turut menanggung nafkah rumah tangga.

Bagaimana Islam memandang hal ini? Bagaimana sesungguhnya hak finansial perempuan yang diatur dalam Islam?

Dalam Islam, keamanan finansial lebih terjamin bagi perempuan. Perempuan dalam Islam telah diberi keamanan finansial yang lebih dibandingkan dengan pria.

Dilansir dari Islamweb, tidak ada perempuan yang sudah menikah diharuskan mengeluarkan sepeser pun dari properti dan pendapatannya untuk rumah tangga. Perempuan yang sudah menikah berhak atas dukungan finansial penuh selama pernikahan dan selama iddah (masa tunggu setelah perceraian) jika terjadi perceraian. Dan tak hanya itu, jika dia sudah memiliki anak, dia juga berhak atas tunjangan anak.

Seorang perempuan dalam Islam tidak memikul kewajiban finansial apa pun dalam hal nafkah. Hanya laki-laki yang memikul tanggung jawab tersebut dalam keluarga. Kewajiban ayah atau saudara laki-lakinya, sebelum dia menikah untuk menjaga aspek tempat tinggal, sandang, dan keuangannya. Semua aspek itu menjadi kewajiban suaminya atau putranya setelah dia menikah.

Jika seorang perempuan bekerja, yang tidak dipaksa, semua penghasilan yang dia hasilkan benar-benar miliknya. Dia tidak diwajibkan membelanjakannya untuk rumah tangga, kecuali dia ingin melakukannya dengan kehendak bebasnya.

Terlepas dari seberapa kaya istri itu, kewajiban memberi tempat tinggal, asrama, sandang, dan mengurus keuangan istri tetap menjadi kewajiban suami.

Sejak Islam hadir, agama ini telah memberikan ketentuan bagi perempuan yang sudah menikah untuk memiliki kepribadian mandiri.

Dalam Islam, mempelai perempuan dan keluarganya tidak diwajibkan memberikan mahar kepada mempelai pria. Pengantin pria yang harus memberikan pengantin perempuan mahar pernikahan. Mahar ini dianggap sebagai miliknya dan baik pengantin pria maupun keluarga pengantin wanita tidak memiliki bagian atau kendali atasnya.

Pengantin perempuan mempertahankan mahar pernikahannya bahkan jika dia kemudian bercerai. Suami tidak diperbolehkan berbagi harta benda istrinya kecuali apa yang dia tawarkan kepadanya dengan persetujuan bebasnya.

SUMBER: ISLAMWEB

 

 





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